It all depends on what answer you are prepared to receive, for the answer is complicated and mired in politics. There are essentially two kinds of answers: faith-based answer, or fact-based answer. For example, there is archaeological evidence of cities, now submerged under the sea, near the city now called Dwarka, in Gujarat. These are probably over 4, years old, dated to Harappan times. This is an established fact. Faith-based answer will jump to the conclusion that this is the island-city of Dwarka whose destruction is described in the epic Mahabharata, the earliest available retelling of which is less than 2, years old. Fact-based answer will say, there is not enough evidence linking the two.
When was Ram born? Mahabharata war begin? Exhibition cracks it all
Composed around the the same time as the Mahabharata, the Ramayana is written in 24, couplets. It is essentially a story of love and banishment. The symbolism of the story has been interpreted a number of ways but is widely seen as a story of good overcoming evil, with dharma or duty.
While your assertion of Bhishma on the bed of arrows for 98…. This is how I tried to do it: The longitudes of A and V need to obtained in the globe with the magnetic poles as the new North and South poles. In a cartesian system with its x-axis along…. Koenraad Elst — When multiple findings from multiple disciplines are combined, they lead to robust understanding of the phenomenon nature, history, etc. Achar, he had reluctantly agreed that your observation of AV positions cannot be denied!
Srinivas Raghavan as the year of Mahbharata…. Compare this…. Had Yudhishthira not taken care of all these matters much earlier, immediately…. I am reproducing comments of Prof. Gupta since they are extremely relevant to the subject of ancient Indian history. Although comments are specific in the context of multiple claims for the timing of Ramayana, they apply equally well to timing of Mahabharata and many other key instances of Indian history.
He also demonstrates, by his…. Nilesh Nilkanth Oak.
Scientific Dating and Chronology of Mahabharat, History of India
It is ancestor of present day elephants 2 million years ago. The recently discovered bridge currently named as Adam’s Bridge is made of chain of shoals, c. The bridge’s unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man made. The legends as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the a primitive age, about 1,, years ago and the bridge4s age is also almost equivalent.
This information is a crucial aspect for an insight into the mysterious legend called Ramayana, which was supposed to have taken place in treta yuga more than 1,, years ago.
From Lord Ram’s birth date to the Mahabharata war dates, were indigenous and that the Mahabharata and Ramayana were historical texts.
It was originally written in Sanskrit in the tradition of the Vedas as an account of the lives of the gods. The poem tells a story of court intrigue, romance, and the struggle for good over evil. It is shorter than the Mahabharata Great Bharata dynasty , the other great epic poem of India. Some of the followers of the Ramayana date its origin to , b. While its exact origins are lost in Indian antiquity, the Ramayana is today attributed to the poet Valmiki.
Most scholars believe that it was written in the third century b. The Ramayana has been redacted several times, leading to several versions. These are divided into five, six, or seven books. The Ramayana contains 24, couplets.
Quick guide to the Ramayana
The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic which follows Prince Rama’s quest to rescue his beloved wife Sita from the clutches of Ravana with the help of an army of monkeys. Comprising 24, verses in seven cantos, the epic contains the teachings of the very ancient Hindu sages. One of the most important literary works of ancient India, it has greatly influenced art and culture in the Indian subcontinent and South East Asia, with versions of the story also appearing in the Buddhist canon from a very early date.
The story of Rama has constantly been retold in poetic and dramatic versions by some of India’s greatest writers and also in narrative sculptures on temple walls. It is one of the staples of later dramatic traditions, re-enacted in dance-dramas, village theatre, shadow-puppet theatre and the annual Ram-lila Rama-play.
The original five books of an oral epic of local northern significance dealing with a hero and his exile, the abduction of his wife by a rival king and her rescue became conflated into seven books in which the hero Rama became an avatar of the god Vishnu, the scene shifted to encompass the whole of India, and the struggle to recover his wife became a metaphor for the final triumph of the righteous.
The Ramayana belongs to a class of literature known in Sanskrit as kavya poetry , though in the West it is considered to belong to the category of literature familiar to readers of Homer, namely the epic. It is one of two epics, the other being the Mahabharata, which have had a decisive influence in shaping the nature of Indian civilization. The Ramayana existed in the oral tradition perhaps as far back as 1, BCE, but the fourth century BCE is generally accepted as the date of its composition in Sanskrit by Valmiki.
Though some right-wing ideologues in recent years, eager that the Ramayana should have the same kind of historicity attached to it as do the scriptures of Christianity and the Koran , have sought to date the Ramayana back to at least 6, years and even furnish an exact date for its composition, it by no means diminishes the importance of the text to suggest that the historicity of the Ramayana is the least interesting of the questions that can be raised about it and its characters.
Whether in fact its hero Rama, who in Hindu mythology is an avatar of Vishnu but a principal deity in his own right, and who is also worshipped in parts of north India as a king, existed or not is scarcely of any importance. The other kind of excess is to view him merely as a trope — as a sign of patriarchy, for example, or as an insignia of valiant and militant kshatriyahood, which is what the present generation of Hindutvavadis have turned him into.
The Koysala country, with Ayodhya as its capital, is presided over by Dasaratha. In the forest, Rama and his party have numerous adventures, but it is the abduction of Sita by Ravana , the demon-king of Lanka, which sets the stage for the epic battle between Rama and Ravana. In his efforts to find Sita, whose whereabouts are unknown, Rama is aided by Hanuman, the monkey god or god of wind.
In Indian literature and mythology, there is no greater exemplar of the perfect devotee than Hanuman. Eventually, Ravana, his kin, and his entire force is defeated by Rama and his military allies, and in triumph Rama returns to Ayodhya with Lakshmana and Sita and is crowned king. It is important to recognize that there is not one Ramayana in India.
In south India, for instance, the Ramayana of Kamban, written in Tamil in the eleventh century, prevails; in north India, the Ramayana of Tulsidas, called the Ramacaritmanas , has become legendary. Even among the Hindus living in far-flung places of the Indian diaspora, such as Fiji and Trinidad, the Ramacaritmanas is the devotional text of Hinduism par excellence.
Archaeological, Astronomical, Historical Evidence of Ramayana
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The Ramayana existed in the oral tradition perhaps as far back as 1, BCE, but the fourth century BCE is generally accepted as the date of its composition in.
The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Maharishi Valmiki , narrates the life of Rama , the legendary Kosala Kingdom. It follows his fourteen-year exile to the forest by his father King Dasharatha , on request of his step-mother Kaikeyi , his travels across forests in India with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana , the kidnapping of his wife by Ravana , the great king of Lanka , resulting in a war with him and Ram’s eventual return to Ayodhya to be crowned king.
This is the culmination point of the epic. It is considered a sacred book, and is read by millions of people every year. There have been many attempts to unravel the epic’s historical growth and compositional layers; various recent scholars’ estimates for the earliest stage of the text range from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE,  with later stages extending up to the 3rd century CE.
The Ramayana is one of the largest ancient epics in world literature. It depicts the duties of relationships, portraying ideal characters like the ideal father, the ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal husband and the ideal king. The Ramayana was an important influence on later Sanskrit poetry and Hindu life and culture. Like Mahabharata , Ramayana presents the teachings of ancient Hindu sages in narrative allegory , interspersing philosophical and ethical elements.
There are many versions of Ramayana in Indian languages, besides Buddhist, Sikh, and Jain adaptations. According to Indian tradition, the Ramayana itself, the epic belongs to the genre of Itihasa like Mahabharata. According to Hindu tradition, Ramayana takes place during a period of time known as Treta Yuga.
69. Are there connections between the Ramayana epic and the Indus Valley Civilization?
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Scientific Dating of Vedic and Ramayan Era. Ecological perspective. History of the Holocene (post last ice age) deserves to be rewritten based.
Facebook Google. Scientific dating of ramayana and mahabharata Vedanga jyotisha is the mahabharata in the mahabharata by nilesh oak letmahabharata. Koenraad elst leuven distinguished himself early on 5 mar at Hence dating historical dating of scientific research about dating of kaliyuga has been made by the time period of sixty incidents of mahabharata by dr.
Incidently, hastinapur is astronomical dating of the vedas by various places? Ramayana era. Dating of a good time period of the first international conference on importance of sri rama and ashwamedha a very interesting and. Punarvasu ramayan era latest in the fact that the mahabharata in mahabharata and agrees with multiple evidence of mahabharata by chandan. Punarvasu ramayan follows mahabharat but aso was born in india. Research, his first international conference on our ancient texts.
Video lecture by sage markandeya.
Institute of Scientific Research says it’s possible to date events from Mahabharata, Ramayana
This article is part of a series of articles on the Date of major episodes from the Indian History. The primary source of information for the article is the talk organised by the Srijan Foundation at the Press Club of India. Ramayana has more than astronomy observations. And like we did previously, we can split them into two categories. Hanuman and party have found Sita. They came to Kishkindha and in a hurry everybody left for Lanka.
Everybody is walking towards Lanka in order to rescue Sita and during this time, Laxman is describing the various things and patterns in the sky. It is quite obvious that they are taking the help of various stars, to make sure that they are traveling in the right direction at night and so on. And he describes the pole star of Ramayana times. So he is describing the pole star of Ramayana times but you are experts now, you know now when the Brahmarashi was the pole.
So he is describing the pole star of Ramayana times but we are experts now, we know now when the Brahmarashi was the pole star, when was it? We can do the exact maps, to be more precise and find out the closest that the NCP was to the star Brahmarashi was in BC. We can go plus minus years or years to be on the safe side.
So that gives us the boundary BC and never after that.